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Bring all your favorite personal movie and music collections wherever you roam, no internet required. Remember to call shotgun!
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Keep tabs on your server from your desktop with Dashboard or on-the-go using Plex Dash.
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Watch and record live broadcast TV—including local news and sports—directly on your device (in HD where available). A Plex Pass, antenna, and tuner are all you need.
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What is Plex Pass, anyway?
Home / Streaming / Feature
Most cord-cutters have at least heard of Plex Media Server. This overview explains what you get with the related subscription service.
By Jared Newman
TechHive May 8, 2023 3:00 am PDT
Hang around in cord-cutting circles long enough, and you’ll likely come across the Plex Pass subscription service.
Plex Pass can be a valuable asset if you run your own media server, but it can also be a source of confusion as Plex expands its own catalog of free streaming content. The software developer and service provider offers two distinct products—free streaming and personal media management—under a single banner. Let’s sort through the differences and clarify what a Plex Pass actually gets you.
This review is part of TechHive’s in-depth coverage of the best DVRs.
What is Plex?
First, a quick explainer on Plex itself.
These days, Plex is positioning itself as a source of free, ad-supported streaming content. Visit the Plex website or download Plex’s apps, and you can watch free movies, TV shows, and channels without even needing to log in.
Long before it branched into free streaming, Plex started out as a way to access your own media files across all your devices. If you have a big collection of MP3 music files or MP4 videos, for instance, Plex lets you store them on one device and stream them from anywhere you have internet access.
This element of the service is known as Plex Media Server. To use it, you must install Plex’s server software on the always-on desktop computer or compatible NAS (Network Attached Storage) box where all your files are stored. You can then download Plex’s companion apps on phones, tablets, computers, streaming boxes, smart TVs, and game consoles to access those files, either across your local Wi-Fi network or over the internet.
Plex has its own free content catalog, but you can also stream video and music files from your own personal media server.
Jared Newman / Foundry
Where does this media server content come from? That’s up to you, but it could include MP3 or FLAC file downloads; ripped CDs and DVDs; recordings from PlayOn, or (not that we condone this) straight-up video piracy via torrent sites. The moral and legal gray areas around some of this content helps explain why Plex has started emphasizing its own catalog of free, licensed programming, which doesn’t require Plex Media Server at all.
Even so, Plex continues to offer its server software to those who want to manage their own content catalogs. While Plex’s server software and most of its companion apps are free, certain media server features require a paid subscription. That’s where Plex Pass comes in.
What do you get with Plex Pass?
Being able to record broadcast TV shows using an over-the-air antenna is one of the big benefits of a Plex Pass subscription.
Jared Newman / Foundry
Plex Pass costs $5 per month, $40 per year, or $120 for a lifetime subscription, but the important thing to know is that it doesn’t provide any content. It is merely a set of extra features for media server users who plan to bring their own content to Plex.
For that use case, Plex Pass offers a handful of major benefits:
Mobile apps: Without a Plex Pass, accessing the content on your media server using an iPhone, iPad, or Android device requires a $5 in-app purchase. That purchase price is waived for Plex Pass holders. (There’s no charge to access your server on Plex’s other apps or from its website.)
OTA DVR: With a compatible TV tuner hooked up to your server, you can use an antenna to record over-the-air television broadcasts (don’t miss TechHive’s top picks in TV antennas). Plex can even detect commercial breaks and skip through them automatically. (You can stream live over-the-air broadcasts through the Plex app without a subscription, but you can’t record them.)
Plexamp: Alongside its regular apps, Plex offers a dedicated app for music playback called Plexamp, available for iOS, Android, Windows, Mac, and Linux. You can use it with your personal music library or with a Tidal subscription. It’s excellent, but it requires a Plex Pass subscription.
Plexamp is a delightful app for accessing your personal music collection.
Jared Newman / Foundry
Video enhancements: For movies and shows on your media server, Plex Pass provides extra scenes, trailers, intro- and credit-skipping, and HDR-to-SDR tone mapping. (Keep in mind that you can always provide your own extra scenes and trailers if you have the requisite files.)
Music enhancements: For music files on your media server, Plex Pass can provide lyrics, intelligent cross-fades, volume leveling, and various “Sonic Analysis” features, such as the ability to create playlists based on mood.
Hardware-accelerated streaming and transcoding: If your media server device is powerful enough, Plex can tap its hardware to help with transcoding. This can make streaming run more smoothly, especially when lots of devices are playing video at the same time.
Plex Pass can fill in bonus content for movies and shows, even if you don’t have the files yourself.
Jared Newman / Foundry
Access controls: If you’re letting other people access your Plex server, a subscription lets you control which content they can see. You can invite users who have their own Plex accounts, sparing you from needing to create managed accounts for them. You can also use the Plex Dash app to easily monitor server activity from afar.
Assorted extras: Plex sometimes offers new features to Plex Pass users before rolling them out to everyone else. One example is the Discover Together feature that lets you share what you’re watching with others.
Is Plex Pass worth paying for?
If you’re just using Plex for its free catalog of ad-supported movies, shows, and channels, you don’t need Plex Pass. A subscription won’t get you any extra benefits or content beyond what’s available for free.
If you’re looking to set up a media server or an over-the-air DVR, on the other hand, Plex Pass might be worthwhile, but it’s not your only option. Here are a handful of other solutions to consider:
- Channels DVR offers a more focused over-the-air DVR experience and can record from some additional sources beyond a TV antenna, though it’s pricier at $8 per month or $80 per year (there is no lifetime license on offer).
- Jellyfin is a free, open-source media server solution. It’s far less polished than Plex—especially on the DVR front—but you can’t beat the price.
- Emby is an alternative to Plex with similar media server features, though it requires its own subscription for the kinds of benefits you’d get with a Plex Pass.
- You don’t necessarily need to run your own media server to record from a TV antenna. Check out our roundup of other over-the-air DVRs that are simpler to set up, including Tablo, AirTV, and TiVo.
- You can always use Prism instead of Plexamp for a dedicated music experience on iOS, and Tautulli instead of Plex Dash to monitor server activity.
Compared to all these options, the big advantage with Plex Pass is that it pulls a wide variety of media server content into a single, polished app. It then combines that content with its own free streaming catalog, along with a nifty universal guide that helps you navigate other streaming sources. If your media consumption involves a big personal content collection, Plex is a compelling first stop.
One last word of advice: Plex occasionally offers discounts on lifetime Plex Passes; most notably around Black Friday, and sometimes during other popular sales events. If you’re not quite ready to jump into the media server fray, you can always wait for a sale before you commit.
Sign up for Jared’s Cord Cutter Weekly newsletter to get more streaming TV advice every Friday.
Author: Jared Newman
Jared Newman has been helping folks make sense of technology for over a decade, writing for PCWorld, TechHive, and elsewhere. He also publishes two newsletters, Advisorator for straightforward tech advice and Cord Cutter Weekly for saving money on TV service.
Causes and treatment of pain in the solar plexus
- 1 Pain in the solar plexus
- 1. 1 Anatomy of the solar plexus
- 1.2 Role of the solar plexus in the body
- 1.3 Main causes of pain in the solar plexus
- 1.4 Common symptoms of pain in the solar plexus
- 1.5 Diagnosis of pain in the solar plexus
- 1.6 Non-pharmacological treatment of pain in the solar plexus
- 1.7 Pharmacological treatment of pain in the solar plexus
- 1.8 Therapeutic massage for pain in the solar plexus
- 1.9 Nutrition and diet for pain in the solar plexus
- 1.10 Physiotherapy for pain in the solar plexus 90 008
- 1.11 Acupuncture and acupressure for pain in the solar plexus
- 1.12 Psychotherapy and relaxation practices for pain in the solar plexus
- 1.13 Exercise and stretching for solar plexus pain
- 1.14 Prevention of solar plexus pain
- 1.15 When to see a doctor
- 1.16 Consequences of improperly treated solar plexus pain
- 1.17 Related videos:
- 1.18 Q&A:
- 1. 18.0.1 What causes pain in the solar plexus area?
- 18.104.22.168 What should I do if I have pain in the solar plexus area?
- 22.214.171.124 What diagnostic complex includes identification of the causes of pain in the solar plexus area?
- 126.96.36.199 How is pain in the solar plexus treated?
- 188.8.131.52 Can pain in the solar plexus be a symptom of a serious illness?
The article will tell you about the main causes of pain in the solar plexus and possible ways to alleviate them. Find out what diseases can cause discomfort, which doctors you should consult and what recommendations will help you cope with this unpleasant symptom.
Pain in the solar plexus can be caused by a number of different causes. The solar plexus is a place on the front wall of the abdomen where the nerve endings attached to the chest and spine intersect. If these nerves are irritated or damaged, it can cause pain in that area.
One of the main causes of pain in the solar plexus is incorrect posture. Staying in an uncomfortable position for a long time or improperly positioning your back can lead to overstrain and irritation of the nerves in this area. Also, injuries or damage to this area, such as a fall or accident, can cause pain in the solar plexus.
Treatment of pain in the solar plexus area depends on its cause. In some cases, simple exercises and regular physical activity are enough to strengthen and relax the muscles in this area. As a rule, the doctor can recommend special exercises that will help strengthen the back and stretch the muscles. In other cases, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs may be prescribed to relieve inflammation and pain.
It is important to remember that self-medication can lead to worsening of the condition. If pain occurs in the solar plexus area, it is recommended to consult a doctor for a diagnosis and effective treatment.
Anatomy of the solar plexus
The solar plexus is a complex bundle of ganglia, nerve fibers, arteries and veins, which is located at the intersection of the abdominal aorta and its corresponding venous plexus. The solar plexus occupies a central position in the human autonomic nervous system, being responsible for the innervation and blood supply to the abdominal organs.
The plexus is formed from the ganglia, such as solar, superior mesenteric and inferior mesenteric, which are located around the abdominal aorta. The ganglia of the plexus look like groups of nerve cells and are the centers of nervous activity. They receive information from the receptors of the abdominal organs and transmit signals to them, regulating the functions of the digestive, excretory and reproductive systems.
The ganglia of the plexus are also adjacent to the arteries and veins, which provide blood supply and drainage to the corresponding organs. The solar plexus is an important part of the arterial and venous network of the abdomen, ensuring the transfer of oxygen and nutrients to the organs and the removal of metabolic waste.
The role of the solar plexus in the body
The solar plexus, also known as the solar lion, is a complex structural formation of the nervous system. It is located in the upper part of the chest, in front of the spine, and plays an important role in the human body.
Secondly, the solar plexus plays an important role in the regulation of respiratory function. It provides control over the activity of the diaphragm, the main muscle of breathing, and also coordinates the work of other muscles involved in breathing. Thanks to this, the solar plexus guarantees the normal intake and removal of oxygen and carbon dioxide from the body.
In addition, the solar plexus is involved in the regulation of the cardiovascular system. It controls the contraction and relaxation of blood vessels, regulating blood flow and maintaining optimal blood pressure. Thus, the solar plexus plays an important role in maintaining the health of the heart and blood vessels.
In general, the solar plexus performs many important functions in the body. It regulates the functioning of internal organs, respiratory function and the cardiovascular system. Any disruption in its work can cause various health problems, including pain in the solar plexus.
The main causes of pain in the solar plexus
Pain in the solar plexus can be caused by various reasons. One of the most common is osteochondrosis of the spine. In this case, degeneration of the intervertebral discs is observed, which leads to compression of the nerve endings and the appearance of pain in the solar plexus.
Pain in the solar plexus can also be caused by myofascial pain syndrome. At the same time, points of accumulation of muscle spasms are formed in the area of the solar plexus, which cause pain.
In some cases, pain in the solar plexus may be associated with pathology of the internal organs. For example, pain in this area may be a sign of a stomach ulcer, pancreatitis, or chest involvement. In such cases, it is necessary to seek medical help to accurately determine the cause of the pain and prescribe the appropriate treatment.
Common symptoms of pain in the solar plexus
Pain in the solar plexus may be accompanied by various symptoms, which may be different for each individual case. However, some common symptoms may include:
- Burning sensation in the solar plexus;
- Tingling or numbness in this area;
- Pain when breathing or coughing;
- Increased pain when bending or turning the body;
- Sensation of pressure in solar plexus;
- Pain extending over shoulders, neck or back;
- Difficulty in deep breathing;
- Weakness or numbness in arms or legs;
- Increased perspiration.
If you have any of these symptoms, or if your solar plexus pain becomes constant or worsens over time, it is important to see a doctor for diagnosis and appropriate treatment.
Diagnosis of pain in the solar plexus
Pain in the solar plexus can be caused by various causes, ranging from incorrect posture and physical activity, to serious diseases such as pleurisy or osteochondrosis of the spine. To accurately diagnose and determine the cause of pain, it is necessary to conduct a comprehensive examination.
Laboratory tests may be ordered to check for inflammation and infections that can cause pain in the solar plexus area. This may include a complete blood count, urinalysis, testing for infections or markers of inflammation.
It is also necessary to pay attention to the analyzes exclusively by the doctor, since a diagnosis cannot be made based on the result of this analysis alone.
Based on the results of the tests, the doctor will be able to make an accurate diagnosis and prescribe appropriate treatment, which may include physical therapy, medication, massage or other methods, depending on the cause of the pain.
Non-pharmacological treatment of pain in the solar plexus
Non-pharmacological treatments are non-pharmacological methods for relieving pain in the solar plexus area. It focuses on the use of various physical and psychological techniques that help to reduce the manifestation of pain, improve the patient’s quality of life and cope with its causes.
One of the main methods of non-pharmacological treatment of pain in the solar plexus area is physical therapy. It includes various exercises, stretching and massage, which are aimed at strengthening the muscles and reducing tension in the plexus area. In addition, physical therapy may include hot and cold compresses, electrical stimulation, and ultrasound therapy.
To further support and improve the effectiveness of non-pharmacological treatments, patients are often advised to actively participate in a physical activity program. Moderate physical activity, such as walking, swimming, or yoga, helps strengthen muscles, improve overall health, and manage solar plexus pain.
In general, non-pharmacological treatment is an important and effective part of a comprehensive approach to the management of solar plexus pain. It helps patients improve the quality of life, cope with pain and return to an active and fulfilling life.
Pharmacological treatment of pain in the solar plexus
Pain in the solar plexus can be caused by various causes, including muscle injury, inflammation of the nerves and damage to the intercostal nerves. In such cases, pharmacological treatment can help relieve pain and improve the patient’s quality of life.
Another class of drugs used to treat solar plexus pain are muscle relaxants. They help to relax the muscles in the plexus area, which reduces pain. Some muscle relaxants used in this case include carisoprodol and cyclobenzaprine.
For pain caused by damage to the intercostal nerves, a group of drugs called gabapentinoids can be used. They help reduce nerve activity and improve pain. Gabapentin and pregabalin are often used to treat such pain.
One of the important aspects of the pharmacological treatment of pain in the solar plexus area is an individual approach to each patient. The dosage of drugs and the mode of their administration should be adapted to the characteristics of each patient and his condition. In addition, it is necessary to take into account the possible side effects of drugs and their interaction with other drugs taken by the patient.
In summary, pharmacological treatment of solar plexus pain can significantly improve the patient’s quality of life. However, before starting such treatment, it is necessary to consult a doctor in order to determine the exact cause of the pain and choose the most appropriate medications.
Therapeutic massage for pain in the solar plexus
Therapeutic massage is an effective method of treating pain in the solar plexus caused by various causes. It helps to relax muscles, relieve tension and improve blood circulation in this area.
Massage is performed by a specially trained massage therapist or physiotherapist. He may use different massage techniques such as Swedish massage, deep tissue massage or trauma massage. During the massage, a variety of techniques are used, such as rubbing, kneading, vibration and point pressure on specific points in the solar plexus.
The duration of the massage course may vary depending on the individual needs of the patient and the characteristics of his condition. It is usually recommended to undergo several massage sessions to achieve the maximum effect. After each session, the patient can feel a decrease in pain and an improvement in general condition.
Therapeutic massage may also include advice on exercises and stretches to help relieve and strengthen the solar plexus muscles. Patients may also be advised to combine the massage with other therapies such as physical therapy, therapeutic exercises, or applying heat or cold to the solar plexus area.
Before starting a therapeutic massage, you should consult a doctor or specialist to make sure that it is safe and meets the individual needs of the patient. Massage can be counter-indicated in some cases, such as the presence of inflammation, infection, or certain medical conditions. Therefore, it is important to get professional advice before starting treatment.
Nutrition and diet for pain in the solar plexus
For pain in the solar plexus, it is recommended to pay attention to nutrition and make the right diet, as some foods can affect the symptoms and intensity of pain.
It is recommended to increase your intake of foods containing omega-3 fatty acids such as salmon, tuna and arachid. Omega-3 fatty acids are anti-inflammatory and may help reduce solar plexus pain.
Foods that can contribute to inflammation and pain should also be avoided. These foods include fried and fatty foods, canned food, salty and spicy foods. They can stimulate increased inflammation in the body and exacerbate pain in the solar plexus.
It is also important to control the intake of sugar and carbohydrates, as they can affect the level of inflammation in the body. Instead, opt for protein-rich foods such as meat, fish, dairy, eggs, beans, and nuts.
To maintain health and reduce pain in the solar plexus area, it is also necessary to drink enough fluids. Water helps improve metabolism, reduces inflammation, and supports overall body health. The recommended amount of fluid to consume is 8 glasses per day.
So, proper nutrition and diet play an important role in the management of pain in the solar plexus area. It is recommended to eat foods that reduce inflammation, avoid foods that can increase pain, and control sugar and carbohydrate intake. Following these guidelines will help reduce pain and improve quality of life.
Physiotherapy for pain in the solar plexus area
Physiotherapy is an effective treatment for pain in the solar plexus area, helping to reduce inflammation and improve blood circulation. One of the main procedures is electrophoresis using drugs that activate metabolic processes and relieve inflammation.
Ultrasound therapy is a very useful procedure, which helps to relieve muscle tension and relieve pain. This procedure is used to locally influence the solar plexus area and improve metabolic processes in tissues.
Magnetic therapy and laser treatment can also be used to treat pain in the solar plexus area. Magnetotherapy improves blood microcirculation and metabolism, relieves swelling and inflammation, and laser treatment improves capillary tone, muscle relaxation and pain reduction.
In addition, mandatory physiotherapeutic procedures for pain in the solar plexus area include hydrotherapy and massage. Hydrotherapy, especially with the use of mud applications, helps to relieve pain and inflammation, and massage helps to relax muscles, improve blood circulation and reduce stress on the solar plexus.
Acupuncture and acupressure for pain in the solar plexus area
Pain in the solar plexus area can be caused by various causes such as injury, muscle strain or inflammation. Alternative medicine methods, including acupuncture and acupressure, can be used to relieve these pains.
Acupuncture is a procedure in which fine needles are inserted into specific points on the body to stimulate energy meridians. For pain in the solar plexus, needles can be placed at points on biologically active points associated with this area of the body. Acupuncture can help improve circulation, relieve muscle tension, and reduce inflammation.
Acupressure is a method based on applying pressure to specific points on the body. For pain in the solar plexus, acupressure can be used to reduce discomfort. To do this, it is necessary to apply strong, but not painful pressure on the points associated with this area of the body. This method improves blood circulation, relaxes muscles and reduces pain.
Acupuncture and acupressure in the solar plexus area should be performed by a qualified professional for best results. Before starting the procedure, it is important to consult a specialist and find out about possible contraindications. It should also be remembered that these methods can be effective, but it must be taken into account that the results can be individual.
Psychotherapy and relaxation practices for pain in the solar plexus area
Pain in the solar plexus area can be not only physical, but also psycho-emotional in nature. Intense emotions, stress, anxiety and depression can be one of the causes of the onset and intensification of pain. In order to alleviate the condition and eliminate pain, it is recommended to consult a psychotherapist or practice relaxation techniques.
Psychotherapy for solar plexus pain focuses on identifying and exploring the emotional states that may contribute to pain. The therapist helps the patient recognize and understand the factors that affect their emotional well-being and develop strategies to reduce stress and anxiety.
Relaxation practices can also be helpful for pain in the solar plexus area. They are aimed at relieving stress and improving the general condition of the patient. One type of relaxation is deep diaphragmatic breathing. Simple exercises that involve taking a deep breath in through your nose and slowly exhaling through your mouth can help relieve tension in the solar plexus area.
In addition, patients can be offered meditation and yoga techniques that help improve the psycho-emotional state. They help to focus on the current moment, relieve stress and balance mood. For greater effect, you can attend group classes where meditation and yoga are practiced under the guidance of an experienced instructor.
Psychotherapy and relaxation practices can be an effective addition to the complex treatment of pain in the solar plexus area. They not only help to reduce the intensity of pain, but also contribute to the overall improvement of the patient’s psycho-emotional state.
Exercise and stretching for solar plexus pain
Solar plexus pain can be caused by a variety of causes, including trauma, overwork, and neglected conditions. One way to manage these pains and strengthen the muscles in this area is to exercise and stretch.
One of the simple and effective exercises is stretching the shoulder muscles. To do this, you need to stand straight, straighten your back and raise your right arm above your head, bending it at the elbow. Then with the left hand pull the right hand to the left ear, feeling the stretch in the solar plexus. Hold the position for a few seconds and repeat the exercise on the other side.
Another useful exercise for the solar plexus area is the pectoral stretch. To do this, you need to stand up straight, cross your arms at chest level and squeeze your shoulder blades. Then slowly move your arms out to the sides, feeling a stretch in your chest. Repeat the exercise several times, trying to increase the range of motion with each repetition.
It is also useful to strengthen the muscles in the area of the solar plexus with the “wings” exercise. To do this, stand straight, bend your knees slightly and bring your shoulder blades together. Then slowly raise and lower your arms up and down, making small movements like the movements of the wings of a bird. Repeat the exercise several times, trying to maintain the correct body position and muscle tension.
It is important to remember that exercise and stretching will help strengthen and loosen the muscles in the solar plexus area, but before beginning any physical activity, a physician or qualified trainer should be consulted to determine the best set of exercises and individual training program.
Prevention of pain in the solar plexus area
To prevent the occurrence of pain in the solar plexus area, you should follow some recommendations:
- Observe the correct posture. Correct body position will help unload the solar plexus and prevent pain. Try to sit and stand straight, do not bend your back and neck.
- Avoid prolonged immobility. If you spend a lot of time at the computer or in the office, take regular breaks to warm up and stretch the muscles of your back and neck.
- Wear comfortable shoes. Wear shoes with a stable heel and cushioning to reduce stress on the solar plexus when walking and standing.
- Choose the right mattress and pillow. Choose orthopedic mattresses and pillows that will ensure the correct position of the spine during sleep and reduce tension in the solar plexus.
- Maintain a healthy weight. Avoid obesity, as excess weight puts more stress on the spine, including the solar plexus area.
- Lift weights correctly. If you have to lift heavy objects, watch your lifting technique to avoid injury to your spine and solar plexus.
- Maintain an active lifestyle. Regular exercise, such as swimming, yoga, or Pilates, will help strengthen your back muscles and relieve stress on your solar plexus.
By following these guidelines, you can reduce your risk of solar plexus pain and maintain a healthy back.
When to See a Doctor
If you experience pain in your solar plexus area, it may be a sign of a variety of conditions that require medical attention. If pain occurs after an injury, such as a blow or a fall, you should consult a doctor immediately. Traumatic injury can lead to rib fracture or damage to internal organs, which requires immediate diagnosis and treatment.
If pain in the solar plexus occurs when breathing or is accompanied by shortness of breath, it may be a sign of problems with the lungs or respiratory system. In this case, you need to see a doctor who will examine you and may order additional tests, such as a chest x-ray or CT scan of the lungs, to identify the cause of the pain.
If pain in the solar plexus is accompanied by other symptoms, such as vomiting, nausea, icteric skin or eyes, it may be a sign of problems with the liver or biliary tract. In this case, you should immediately consult a doctor who will conduct the necessary studies and prescribe the appropriate treatment.
In addition, if the pain in the solar plexus does not stop or worsens over time, it may be a sign of a chronic disease, such as osteochondrosis of the spine or diaphragm syndrome. In this case, it is recommended to consult a doctor for diagnosis and prescribing a comprehensive treatment aimed at eliminating the cause of the pain syndrome.
Consequences of improper treatment of pain in the solar plexus area
1. Increased pain. Incorrect treatment of pain in the solar plexus can contribute to increased pain. For example, the use of inappropriate pain medications, improper use of heat compresses or massage can lead to impaired cellular resistance and increased inflammation.
2. Development of chronic pain. Untimely or incorrect treatment of pain in the solar plexus can contribute to the development of chronic pain. Persistent pain can lead to long-term stress and psychological problems such as depression or anxiety.
3. Restriction of movements. If pain in the solar plexus area is left untreated or treated incorrectly for a long time, it can lead to limitation of movement. Lack of activity or avoidance of certain movements due to pain can lead to reduced muscle strength and flexibility, as well as the development of additional problems with the spine and joints.
4. Psychological problems. Incorrect treatment of pain in the solar plexus can affect the mental state of a person. A long period of pain can cause anxiety, nervousness and depression. This can affect the quality of life and the ability to cope with everyday tasks.
5. Loss of working capacity. If pain in the solar plexus area is not properly treated or treated incorrectly, the person may experience loss of working ability. Increased pain and limitation of movement can lead to difficulty performing professional tasks and reduced productivity.
Therefore, it is very important to correctly diagnose and treat pain in the solar plexus area, referring to specialists and following their recommendations. It is important not to ignore pain signals or self-medicate to avoid negative consequences for health and quality of life.
What causes pain in the solar plexus area?
Solar plexus pain can be caused by a variety of causes, including muscle damage, sprains, inflammation, neuralgia, and diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, heart, and lungs. If you experience pain in this area, it is recommended that you see a doctor to determine the exact cause and receive appropriate treatment.
What should I do if I have pain in the solar plexus area?
If you have pain in the solar plexus area, it is recommended that you first consult a doctor to diagnose and determine the cause of the pain. Pain relief ointments or medications can be used to temporarily relieve discomfort. However, self-treatment without identifying the cause of the pain can be dangerous and ineffective in the long run.
What diagnostic complex includes identification of the causes of pain in the solar plexus area?
Diagnostic testing for the causes of solar plexus pain may include a range of procedures, including a physical examination, blood and urine tests, x-rays, ultrasound, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging. The exact range of procedures will be prescribed by the doctor, depending on the preliminary diagnosis and the diagnostic task.
How is pain in the solar plexus treated?
Treatment of solar plexus pain depends on the identified cause. In the case of muscle damage and ligament sprains, physiotherapy, massage, exercises to develop muscle flexibility and strength can be prescribed. In inflammatory processes and neuralgia, drugs may be prescribed to relieve pain and inflammation. If the pain is caused by diseases of the organs, then complex treatment is required, aimed at eliminating the underlying disease.
Can pain in the solar plexus be a symptom of a serious illness?
Yes, solar plexus pain can be a symptom of a serious illness such as stomach ulcers, pancreatitis, tonsillitis pectoris, or even myocardial infarction. Therefore, if pain occurs in this area, it is recommended to immediately consult a doctor to diagnose and determine the cause of the pain. The need to identify and treat the underlying disease is a key point in the treatment of pain in the solar plexus.
Choroid plexus tumor in children and adolescents
Types of choroid plexus tumors include: atypical choroid plexus papilloma, choroid plexus carcinoma, choroid plexus papilloma
What is a choroid plexus tumor oh plexus?
Tumors of the vascular or choroid plexus (OCP) are a rare type of tumor that occurs in the ventricles of the brain. The ventricles are spaces in the brain filled with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). These tumors can be either benign or malignant. Most often, OSS occurs in infants, but can develop at any age.
Choroid plexus tumors account for 3% of brain tumors in children, but it is 10-20% of brain tumors in children under 1 year of age. In the United States, approximately 75 to 80 new cases of OSS are diagnosed each year in children and young people under 21 years of age.
There are 2 main types of choroid plexus tumors.
- The most common type is choroid plexus papilloma (PSP) , or choroid papilloma. They make up about 80% of choroid plexus tumors. These tumors are benign and grow slowly. Most often they are detected in the lateral ventricle of the brain in children. They rarely spread to other parts of the CNS.
- Choroid plexus carcinoma (CCC) is a malignant tumor of the choroid plexus. It grows faster and is more likely to spread through the cerebrospinal fluid to other CNS tissues. These tumors account for about 10–20% of choroid plexus tumors.
The main treatment for choroid plexus tumors is surgery. Depending on the type of tumor and the degree of development of the disease, in addition to surgery, additional methods of treatment, including chemotherapy and radiation therapy, may be used.
Radiation therapy reduces the size of a tumor and destroys malignant cells using ionizing radiation, x-rays or protons. The radiation damages the DNA inside the tumor cells.
Signs and symptoms of choroid plexus tumors
The symptoms of OSS vary greatly depending on the age of the child and the location of the tumor. As the tumor grows, the normal circulation of cerebrospinal fluid is disrupted. This causes a buildup of fluid in the brain, known as hydrocephalus. The fluid causes the ventricles to expand and increases pressure on the brain (intracranial pressure). Many of the symptoms of choroid plexus tumors are associated with increased pressure on brain tissue.
Possible symptoms of choroid plexus tumor:
- Headaches that are often worse in the morning and/or go away after vomiting
- Nausea and vomiting
- Changes in activity level, lethargy
- Trouble walking
- Eating difficulties
- Changes in behavior or irritability
- Infant head enlargement
- Enlargement of the fontanel (soft area at the top of the skull)
Choroid Plexus Tumor Diagnosis
Doctors check for choroid plexus tumors in several ways. The following tests are used:
- A medical history and physical examination helps doctors learn about symptoms, general health, past illnesses, risk factors, and milestones.
- Most choroid plexus tumors occur in infants and children under 5 years of age. There is an increased risk of developing choroid plexus carcinoma in Li-Fraumeni syndrome, a cancer predisposition syndrome.
- A neurological examination evaluates the function of the brain, spinal cord, and nerves. During the examination, various aspects of brain function are checked: memory, vision, hearing, muscle strength, balance, coordination and reflexes.
- Diagnostic imaging such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) provides detailed images of the ventricles, brain and spinal cord. Doctors can see the size and location of the tumor and better understand which parts of the brain are affected.
- To see if there are tumor cells in the cerebrospinal fluid, doctors may order a lumbar puncture.
- A biopsy is performed to diagnose OSS. In a biopsy, a small sample of the tumor is removed with a needle during surgery. A pathologist examines a tissue sample under a microscope to determine the specific type of tumor.
Determining the degree of malignancy and stage of tumor development
Depending on the histology and type of tumor, it is classified as benign or malignant. OSS is diagnosed as choroid plexus papilloma (CCP), noncancerous, or choroid plexus carcinoma (CCP), cancerous.
Tumors are classified by their appearance under a microscope. The stronger the changes in the appearance of cells, the higher the degree of malignancy. Choroid plexus papillomas are usually grade I tumors and in most cases are benign. Choroid plexus carcinomas are usually grade III tumors. They are more aggressive in nature and are very fast growing.
Tumor staging requires an MRI of the spine and brain to see how far the disease has spread, and a lumbar puncture to look for cancer cells in the cerebrospinal fluid.
Prognosis in the treatment of tumors of the choroid plexus
The probability of cure is very high if complete surgical removal of the tumor is possible. With a successful surgical operation on choroid plexus papilloma (PSS), the survival rate reaches 100%. Choroid plexus carcinoma (CCC) is more aggressive but has a cure rate of approximately 50–70%.
The following factors influence the prognosis:
- Histological examination results. For children with PSS, the prognosis is more favorable than for children with KSS.
- Child’s age. For children under 4 years of age, the prognosis is less favorable.
- Whether the tumor has spread to other parts of the brain or spinal cord.
- What part of the tumor remained after the surgery. Complete resection of the tumor increases the likelihood of successful treatment.
- Presence of certain genetic syndromes (eg, Li-Fraumeni syndrome or TP53 germline mutation).
- The use of radiation therapy for the treatment of tumors.
- Presence of TP53 mutations in the tumor. The probability of cure is significantly reduced in the presence of mutations in the TP53 gene in the tumor. For children with 2 copies of the altered gene in the tumor, the prognosis is extremely unfavorable.
Treatment of choroid plexus tumors
Treatment depends on several factors, including the size and location of the tumor, the age of the child, and the type of tumor (PSV or KSS). Treatment usually includes surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy. The main method of treatment, if possible, is surgery. Choroid plexus carcinoma is a more aggressive type of cancer, and most patients have more than one treatment.
Surgery is performed for both diagnosis and treatment of tumors of the choroid plexus. Its goal is to remove as many tumor cells as possible. In rare cases, surgery is not possible due to the location of the tumor.
Often, children with choroid plexus papilloma do not need additional treatment if the tumor is completely removed. Children with choroid plexus carcinoma usually require chemotherapy and radiation therapy in addition to surgery.
In some cases, a shunt is placed in the brain to prevent fluid buildup (hydrocephalus). The fluid that accumulates causes an increase in intracranial pressure and can cause many of the symptoms associated with choroid plexus tumors. A shunt is a thin tube that drains cerebrospinal fluid from the brain to help relieve symptoms. A shunt can be temporary or permanent.
A shunt is a thin tube used to drain cerebrospinal fluid from the brain. The accumulated fluid causes an increase in pressure inside the brain and can cause other symptoms of choroid plexus tumors.
In the treatment of tumors of the choroid plexus, in particular KCC, chemotherapy is often used along with radiation therapy and/or surgery. Chemotherapy can be systemic, regional, or intrathecal.
Radiation therapy is sometimes used in addition to other treatments. The type of radiation therapy depends on the location and spread of the tumor. The age of the child is an important factor in deciding whether radiotherapy is necessary for the treatment of childhood brain tumors.
For tumor recurrence, children with a partial response to chemotherapy and radiotherapy may be offered treatment as part of a clinical trial. Although there are currently no biological agents that specifically target RCC cancer cells, patients may be eligible to participate in immunotherapy and phase I trials.
Maintenance therapy for patients with choroid plexus tumors includes the necessary rehabilitation course and neurological consultations.